Nearly 50 Million Americans to Legally Bet on March Madness

More than 47 million Americans will legally bet on March Madness this year, with online and physical sports book betting expected to grow dramatically compared to 2019, compensating for lower expected participation in bracket contests, according to new data from the American Gaming Association (AGA).

“The sports betting landscape has changed dramatically since 2019 – and as a result, tournament betting has transformed,” said AGA President and CEO Bill Miller. “As consumers formerly limited to bracket contests now enjoy access to legal sports book options, they also plan to place traditional sports bets as March Madness returns.”

While the overall number of Americans betting is flat from 2019, there have been significant shifts in how people plan to bet on the tournament this year. Bracket betting is expected to decline but more traditional sports bets placed online or at a brick-and-mortar sports books are expected to more than double.

Since the 2019 tournament, 65.4 million more Americans have gained the opportunity to legally bet on March Madness in 13 new jurisdictions.

Key findings from the survey, conducted by Morning Consult, include:

  • 47.4 million American adults will wager on March Madness, about the same number that indicated they would bet on the tournament in 2019.
  • 36.7 million Americans will fill out a bracket, down 8% from 2019.
  • 30.6 million Americans will place more traditional bets on this year’s tournament, up from 17.8 million in 2019.
  • 17.8 million will place a bet online, up 206% from 5.8 million in 2019.
  • 8.3 million will place a bet at a physical sports book, up 79% from 2019.
  • Interest in the tournament is up slightly from 2019, with 26% of Americans saying they are extremely or very interested in the tournament, compared to 23% two years ago.
  • 42% of fans said they followed college basketball more closely this season, with 70% of those following more closely attributing their increased attention either somewhat or very significantly to the increased availability of legal sports betting.
  • Gonzaga University is the betting public’s favorite to win the tournament (17%), followed by Florida State University (11%) and Baylor University (8%).

“With more legal, regulated sports betting options than ever before, millions of customers now have safer ways to enjoy all the fun and suspense only March Madness provides,” said Miller.


  • 25 states and Washington, D.C. have legalized sports betting, with 21 legal markets operational.
  • 17 states currently have active or pre-filed legislation to legalize sports betting.


This survey was conducted on behalf of the AGA by Morning Consult between March 3- 5, 2021 among a national sample of 2,200 adults. The interviews were conducted online and the data were weighted to approximate a target sample of adults based on age, educational attainment, gender, race and region. Results from the full survey have a margin of error of plus or minus two percentage points and higher among subgroups. Bettors include those who expect to place a bet online, with a bookie, with a casino sports book, casually with a friend or participate in a bracket contest.

About the AGA 

The American Gaming Association is the premier national trade group representing the $261 billion U.S. casino industry, which supports 1.8 million jobs nationwide. AGA members include commercial and tribal casino operators, suppliers, and other entities affiliated with the gaming industry. It is the mission of the AGA to achieve sound policies and regulations consistent with casino gaming’s modern appeal and vast economic contributions. You can find more information about where players can legally bet on March Madness on their website.


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